What You Need to Know About the New Coronavirus and HIV

As the world is undergoing an unprecedented period of a pandemic, millions of people have been infected by the virus and others serving a period of lockdown at home. Nomenclature of the virus has the number 19 indicating the year it came into existence, with the new decade being filled with despondency. With the virus continuing to wreak havoc all across the globe, people with other diseases already having affected their health will find it hardest to survive through these times. Desperate moments have been following a domino effect the past few months, taking the lives of millions.

HIV patients are struggling are to evade all the possible situations from which they can get affected by the new virus. As HIV eats up the immune cells in a human body, Coronavirus could easily sprawl over their insides. Researchers have been following up on every lead to learning more about the virus, its spread, and mortality rate. Older people with weaker bodies succumb to the virus’ effect faster than others. Living with HIV is quite a challenge; being extra cautious about the ubiquitous pandemic is an additional concern for both the patients and the healthcare providers. Lower CD4 counts could pose a bigger risk to the lives of patients. But a few precautions can keep them protected from the virus to a great extent.


Basic of the Pandemic

By the end of May, the active cases in the US have risen to more than 1.5 million, and the death toll stands at about 1,30,000. The mortality rate of Coronavirus is said to be substantially higher in the US and China than the typical seasonal flu. Mild symptoms in the majority of the infected people is the biggest challenge faced by the health department in combating the pandemic. Not everyone who contracts the virus is under risk; people with a history of other diseases are the ones who are likely to be affected severely. Risk is greater in people above 80 years of age and the ones with issues such as high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer.

People with HIV

When people have compromised immunity, the chances of developing a COVID-19 illness are higher. The low CD4 T-cell count indicates advanced suppression of immunity; people with such conditions could contract the disease faster. More than half of the HIV population are over 50 years of age as well, thereby increasing the risk of illnesses developing within their bodies. They are also likely to have developed cardiovascular disease or neutropenia due to the constant intake of medications. The same precautions apply to HIV patients as well, only with a tighter approach.


  • Avoid contact with other people during the pandemic.
  • Self-isolation at homes or medical facilities of the people with HIV can help them stay away from the virus.
  • Wash hands with soap and water.
  • Sanitizer with alcohol content has to be used to clean your hands every hour.
  • Wear a mask when you are more likely to contract the virus.

Forms of Support Available for People with HIV or AIDS

People with AIDS are often looked upon with condemnation by others that stigma gets attached to them, which never gets untagged until the last breath. The disease is, therefore, considered to be a highly unfortunate one in the lifetime of a person. But all communities need to realize the fact that no AIDS patient can spread the disease with a mere hug or any expression of love and affection. These people who get ostracized from the common gatherings and often from their own families lurk in the streets to live a destitute life. As a responsible citizen, one has to think about such souls who remain outcasts for the rest of their lives.

What many people might be unaware of is that these patients are mentally vulnerable than any healthy human being is. A slight blow on their mental state could affect their overall composure or the factors that hold them together. Supporting these patients in such desperate times is what we as fellow-beings need to do. Providing these people with these services and making sure that no patient is left stranded on the streets to be killed in the process would be the first stages of helping them out. Let is find out the various forms of support that can be provided to the people with HIV.


Payment for Care

Health insurance is something that almost everyone holds to ensure better treatment for any illness. The US has always been efficient in providing its citizens with the best service in the health department. Several programs have been introduced in the past to help people with AIDS who have no homes to stay. Even the affected ones who have no insurance can claim the services of these programs and get the necessary medical care. It was the law of the Affordable Care Act that ensured the citizens of the country insurance policies that were affordable.

The coverage available for your policy might differ from one state to another, which makes it necessary for you to talk to a healthcare provider regarding your benefits. You may qualify for disability benefits when you are unable to work due to HIV. Treatment and medicines used would be covered with the Medicare insurance that you hold, and it would also be covered by the government organizations that function for the effective treatment of HIV patients.


Mental Health and Stigma

Make sure to consult healthcare services when you are suffering from depression, anxiety, and other mental traumas. Many of the symptoms can be fought with proper guidance from the professionals so that stable mental health reflects in physical strength. The stigma is also another aspect that needs fighting, and several organizations function in all countries to provide the patients with the right services and training on how to overcome such situations. Even children below 15 years get infected by HIV almost every year, and it takes years to train them to accept their condition. Living with the disease would be challenging, but with an efficient government to provide such programs to support the patients, the struggle eases.

How To Support Your Mental Health With HIV

Concern for mental health is often much lower than what people give for their physical health. No matter how healthy and fit you are, the physique could perish in a day without sound mental health. A perfectly healthy person might not easily understand the pain and trauma the ones with a fickle mind have to endure. Living with HIV is considered to be one of the biggest challenges on this planet as the patients, in most cases, get ostracized and tagged as impure. Nothing about them is alien; only the condition they carry makes them unique from others. As the perception of the disease and its acceptance is widening with time, people from all walks of life care to invest time in supporting the AIDS patients.

It is always the support of the fellow-beings that act as the force to fight the battle. But it is also important that you care for yourself, even when you are alone. Survival is your goal, and it is your efforts that matter the most here. People with HIV are likely to undergo different episodes of mood swings and mental health conditions. You may go through depression, which leads to fatigue, loss of interest in exciting activities, guilt, loss of sleep and appetite, and detachment from dear ones. The emotional well-being can be affected by HIV, and these factors can be fought only with sufficient support. Here are a few ways to keep your mental health under control, which will reflect in better management of your HIV too.

1.      Open Up to Your Healthcare Provider

You will need to make frequent visits to your healthcare provider when you are living with HIV. Key to ensuring better mental health is opening up during such appointments; make sure to talk about all the mental stresses you have been experiencing. They can support you in these situations and recommend the best treatments or exercises. Diagnosis of your mental health condition, prescription of medication, and recommendation of other mental health professionals are some of the areas where a healthcare provider can assist you.

2.      Seek Therapy

When you are asked to visit a mental health professional, seek the help of the best psychiatrists, therapists, or psychologists in your area. They can offer you counseling and therapy for cognitive behavior, both of which can help you with changing the bad habits and thoughts into positivity.


3.      Talk to Your Friend or Family

There is no one better to reach out than your family with your issues. They aren’t mental health experts, but the love surely can heal those wounds within your mind. You could always open up to your good friends too.

4.      Support Groups

Not many people are fans of support groups since they consider it as the zone of saccharine stories and emotional rush. But as you share your concerns and issues with a group of people who have been through similar situations, you are introducing yourself into a new family with members who can support you with your survival.

7 Early Stage Symptoms of HIV

Each individual can exhibit different symptoms for the virus they carry in their body. With HIV eating up the CD4 immune cells in a human body, the chances for the affected person to contract various diseases increase as each stage passes onto a more serious one. The first signs of infection usually appear within two months, and in the less healthy people, the symptoms might start to appear in less than a month.

Many people experience symptoms similar to that of the flu; it is the body’s way of responding to the attack of the virus. The duration where your body starts showing such signs is called the seroconversion period. You must make sure to test your blood at this point to make sure if you have been affected by HIV. If the viral load keeps multiplying over time, your health is being subjected to a bigger risk. Look out for the following early-stage symptoms of HIV to head over to a healthcare center for a test, if you experience any of them.

1.      Fever

Fever is usually the first symptom of any


2.      Fatigue and Headache

Feeling lethargic occasionally after a day of activities is natural, but going through such a phase every day indicates declining health conditions. Some people might even end up hyperventilating after a few minutes of walking, while others could be winded. These are other inflammatory responses of your besieged immune system. Fatigue could go on to affect you through all stages of HIV, meaning it would remain both as an early and later symptom.

3.      Swollen Lymph Nodes and Joint Pain

Lymph nodes will get inflamed when the body gets infected, leading to swelling of those parts of the body. The function of the nodes is also impeded, making all bacteria and viruses to enter your body freely. Most of the nodes are located in groin, armpit, and neck, where you will start experiencing pain over time.

4.      Rashes

HIV seroconversion can bring about rashes on your skin as well, both as an early and late symptom. These rashes could surface on your skin in the form of boils.

5.      Vomiting, Nausea, and Diarrhea

HIV can affect the digestive system too, and it could happen in the early stages. Make sure to stay hydrated always since you don’t want to be subject to these multiple times a day.

6.      Dry Cough and Sore Throat

A dry cough that hasn’t been improving for over a month needs to be checked, and your blood must be tested as it could be a symptom of HIV.

7.      Night Sweats

Early stages of HIV could also exhibit symptoms such as night sweats, which could go on increasing in the later stages.

Alternative Medicine for HIV and AIDS Patients

Many people who get affected by HIV or AIDS use complementary and alternative medicine and treatment methods along with traditional medicine to gain better health and well-being in times of agony. Although not to a great extent, some symptoms of AIDS are said to be relieved by such treatments. While many people prefer these methods as an additional treatment to their deteriorating health, others look up to it as a futile step. But that doesn’t prove that these methods are ineffective; neither does it mean that these medicines can cure or treat such conditions in humans.

Side effects of these medicines are also unknown to this day, making the patients quite skeptical about the effectiveness of these treatment methods. Also, some medicines, though natural, can be unsafe for consumption since they could interact with other medications and bring about further trouble to the health conditions. Healthcare providers are to be informed if you are interested in trying the alternative treatment method in order to manage your symptoms. Here are a few alternative methods that can be used for HIV patients.

Body Therapies

Yoga and Massage Therapy

Some people have experienced an alleviation of pain after taking yoga or massage therapy sessions, and research has proven that yoga could further help the AIDS patients in reducing depression and anxiety and improving feelings of overall health. Levels of CD4 cells are also said to improve with these body therapies, and with the increase in these immune cells that were attacked by HIV, the patients grow stronger and a lot more immune to several other diseases.


This ancient Chinese medical practice is a method of releasing chemicals in the body to relieve you of the pain. Acupuncture involves placing thin, solid needles into different parts of the body that are pressure points, and it can help HIV affected patients with several treatment side effects and nausea.


Relaxation Therapies

Anxiety can be reduced to a great extent by taking up various forms or relaxation treatment and meditation, and it would also help in coping with the stresses related to chronic illness.

Herbal Medicine

Although herbs haven’t been proven to have the power to relieve HIV symptoms, several people use such medications hoping for better health conditions. However, you need to use these herbal medications with caution since it could impact on different people differently. Since an improvement in liver functions are recorded, and no significant interactions are made with antivirals, milk thistle is considered to be an effective herb in the treatment of HIV. Other herbs could, however, interact with the conventional HIV treatments to affect your already deteriorating health. So, you must inform your healthcare provider about the consumption of such herbs, which will allow them to monitor for any possible side effects or drug interactions.


Helpful Supplements for People with HIV

  • Bone health could be improved using vitamin D and calcium
  • Cholesterol can be reduced with fish oil
  • Progression of HIV slowed by selenium
  • Vitamin B-12 would be helpful in time of pregnancies
  • Weight gain can be backed by soy or whey protein

Treatment for HIV or AIDS

AIDS, as you all might know, is a disease that has always frightened the people with its deadly claws that cling onto the body of humans to attack the CD4 immune cells. Not many people might know the technical side of the disease since it isn’t an area that is constantly under discussion. Medicine is not of great interest for many people as well, but the people who get infected by the disease will surely check through the various possibilities to recover from it. The dear and near ones of the patients are also equally into the fight against the virus.

Treatment methods are constantly being searched by such people so that a healthier life is lead with the virus eating up the immune cells. As these cells within a human body are being attacked, the people being affected will start having recurrent fever, chronic fatigue, night sweats, bumps and rashes on the skin, chronic swollen lymph glands, sores and spots on tongue and genitals, and dark splotches inside eyelids, mouth, and nose. There are a few treatment methods that can help the patients get better with time; a complete recovery for AIDS is not possible. Let us have a look at the various treatment options for HIV.

Treatment Options

Every infected person should make sure to get treatment as soon as they are diagnosed with the virus. No matter how loaded the virus is in a person’s body, treatment is essential to control the malicious spread. Antiretroviral therapy is the main treatment for HIV, and it is a combination of daily medications that curb the reproduction of the virus. The CD4 cells are protected this way, keeping the immune system strong to combat the disease.

This therapy will help in keeping HIV from building up to AIDS. Transmission risks are also reduced by taking the therapy. Once you are an HIV patient, you will need to keep taking the sessions of antiretroviral therapy to stop the growth of the virus. If the treatment turns out to be effective, the virus will remain undetectable in tests. But if the person stops taking therapy, the virus that still exists in the body will begin to multiply and attack the CD4 cells.


Disease Effects


The immune system is helped by various medications to fight the incoming and existing virus in the body. Developing complications can be brought down to risk-free limits by taking the antiretroviral therapy medications which include six classes such as protease inhibitors, fusion inhibitors, non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, integrase strand transfer inhibitors, and entry inhibitors (CCR5 antagonists). The regimen that is best to start with is of three HIV medications from two drug classes. Other medications are combined with the antiretroviral regimens to allow a person with HIV to take only one or two pills daily. Personal circumstances and overall health of a person have to be considered before deciding on a particular regimen. Therefore, when consulting a healthcare provider, all these have to mentioned in order to fix a certain regimen for your disease.